Friday, 04 Sep 2015 12:50 AM
Bankers are going bonkers for the bitcoin blockchain.
Go figure. Several years ago, the financial industry was abhorrently opposed to the introduction of bitcoin, a virtual currency that would revolutionize the way we conduct our banking business. Fearful of a massive professional upheaval, the financial cognoscenti steeled themselves in undermining this virtual currency.
Fast forward a few years, and ironically, Wall Street is now the largest proponent and investor in this space and the momentum continues to grow.
The financial industry has taken exceptional note of the possible applications of the blockchain distributed ledger methodology that underpins the bitcoin technology. Essentially, the blockchain functions as a trusted “third party” to verify the validity of a digital asset transfers. However, this third party is comprised of the entire universe of bitcoin market participants, rather than a centralized authority subject to unpredictable behavior. Digital miners independently confirm that all the ledger transactions are bona fide, for which they are compensated.
The blockchain method is now being viewed as a way to digitize any good or service so its ownership can be transferred accurately, timely, cheaply, transparently, and securely. In particular, the financial industry has its eye on utilizing this ledger system to trade currencies, public and private equities, corporate bonds, and syndicated loans.
Goldman Sachs, Santander and BBVA have invested in start-ups that focus on harnessing this technology. Citigroup and JP Morgan have been conducting internal groups to assess how best to enter this area. And Barclays would like to implement this technology to offer consumer products that are less expensive than credit cards and direct money transfers.
Bank of America and more than a dozen financial institutions have met with R3Cev to coordinate a foreign currency exchange platform using the blockchain ledger apparatus. This has huge implications, since the daily trading of foreign currencies was $5.3 trillion in April 2013, according to the September 2013 Triennial Survey of the Bank of International Settlements.
Nasdaq OMX Group has embarked on what may be the largest project in this area. It would like to use the blockchain to process privately held equity transfers. Currently, these transactions take as long as several weeks to complete. The Nasdaq Group believes this new methodology is more efficient, transparent and secure than the current techniques.
The U.S. Federal Reserve Bank and the Bank of England are also in the mix.
Further, the applications for other industries are significant, since this model provides a more effective and efficient accounting system. Governments are looking into this for more robust record keeping and the music industry sees potential in tracking and tabulating artist royalties based on internet download activity.
The consensus now among bankers is the blockchain technology is here to stay. The new question is not when it will be adopted, but how.
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